Tajweed is a term that Quran readers are familiar with its rules and regulations. The phrase’s meaning is “perfect something, beautiful, or improve.” A series of guidelines in Islam enables readers to repeat the Quran precisely as Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) acquired from Jibreel.
In addition, learning the Tajweed Quran beautifies the recitation and indicates that the meaning remains the same. Although there are regulations to separate similar letters, reciting without Tajweed could affect the meaning of words. Even erroneous elongations can change the meaning of a sentence. Therefore, using Quran Tajweed, you can make the Quran reading and recitation more magnificent and melodious.
What are the main Tajweed rules?
The main Tajweed rules govern the proper pronunciation and recitation of the Quran. Accurate pronunciation and correct characteristics of words ensure these rules. There are some differences in how scholars and schools group Tajweed rules. Generally, here are the main ones:
Makharij-al-Huroof (Points of delivering the letters)
This rule focuses on pronouncing letters from their specific points of origin in the mouth and throat. There are five main types of the Makharij there;
Six letters emerge from the throat. These letters are;
- Ayn العين ع
- Haa الحاء ح
- Hamza الهمزة ء
- Haa الهاء هـ
- Ghayn الغين غ
- Khaw الخاء خ
It is the gap between the throat and mouth. These letters are as follows:
1. Alif shakin’ proceeds by fathah.
2. Yaa’ saakinah followed by a kasrah.
3. Waaw saakinah, with a dammah in front of it.
There are two types of Makharij al-listen;
1. Pronunciation points from the tip of the tongue
2. Pronunciation point not from the tip of the tongue.
The pronunciation of the letters from the nasal cavity. This rule refers to the nasal sound produced when a nasal consonant follows certain letters.
There are two types of the khayshoom
1. Noon Gunnah
2. Meem Gunnah
It means the pronunciation of the letter from the two lips. The letters include in Shafateen are;
Faa(ف): The edges of the two front teeth and the inside of the bottom lip.
Waaw (و): Lips circling each other
Meem(م): Lips pressed together
Baa (ب): the closing of two lips greater than meem
Sifaat al-Huroof (Characteristics of Letters) [h3]
This rule involves recognizing and applying each letter’s specific attributes or qualities, such as heavy (thick) and light (thin) sounds.
Ikhfa’ الإِخْفَاء (Concealment)
This rule deals with the partial or subtle pronunciation of specific letters when followed by certain other letters. When any of the 15 hidden letters come after noon or tanween, the word is pronounce in a hidden sound
Similarly, the sound is between fully pronouncing or blending depending on ghunna. The Ikhfa letters are;
ت، ث، ج، د، ذ، ز، س، ش، ص، ض، ط، ظ، ف، ق، ك
1. Izhar (Clarity)
This rule involves pronouncing letters that are not subject to concealment. Izhar Tajweed is the first rule after the noon Sakin, meem, and Tanween.
Moreover, it is the phrase used when using or pronouncing the sunnah. If any of the six letters come after the noon sunnah, the Izhar will be necessary at that moment. These six letters are (ء, ه, ع, ح, غ, خ).
There are three types of Izhar.
- Izhar Halqi
- Izhar Mutlak
- Izhar Shafwi
This rule covers merging two specific letters when one follows the other within the same word. When it comes to the Holy Quran recitation, the idghaam rule means merging the non-vowel letters with the values letters. These letters are; ي, ر, م, ل, و, ن. moreover, collectively these letters as term as يَرْمَلُون.
Similarly, Noon Tanween and Sakinah will fuse into these letters when Noon Tanween or Sakinah originates any of the Idgham letters.
This rule applies to certain letters pronounced with a slight vibration or echo. Qalqala requires a strong sound and pronunciation with the vibration. In Arabic, Qalqalah indicates “vibration.”
Furthermore, in Tajweed, Qalqalah means to upset the 5 Qalqalah vowels with Sukoon. In Sakin, there is no motion with vowel letters Fatha, Dummah, or Kasra. The Qalqala letters are; (ق, ط, ب, ج, د).
How long Does It Take to Complete Tajweed?
It entirely depends upon the student’s age and intellect and how much time he takes to finish the Quran with Tajweed. Similarly, the kids mostly take 3 years to complete the Quran Tajweed. The adults take one year, while children take almost two years to complete the Quran with Tajweed.
Meanwhile, it completely depends upon the student to learn the Quran as early as possible while taking the session.
Is Tajweed necessary in Salah?
Muslims offer salah in Arabic and everyone doesn’t need to read each word with Tajweed. However, if someone knows the rules of the Tajweed, then offering the Namaz with Tajweed will be mandatory.
By doing so, he’ll gain a lot of blessings and mercy from Allah(SWT). Salah is the connection between Allah(SWT) and us, strengthening our imaan on Him. Therefore, always seek the guidance of a righteous path from Allah, the Almighty, and Generous.
The hustle and bustle of the world now makes finding time to pray Salah and read the Quran feel daunting. Conversely, being a Muslim, it is a divine duty of us to pay its utmost right.
Additionally, If you are too busy to find out the time to learn the Quran with Tajweed. You can teach your kids Quran recitation. For that, a lot of online Quran academies are working on it. In the meantime, eQuranekareem online Quran academy is one of the best platforms to assist and guide your kid very effectively.