Surah Fatiha

Surah Fatiha

‘’Alfatihah is The Opening Of The Quran’’

The Surah Fatiha comes at the start of the Holy Quran and for this reference, it holds a unique place in the Quran. It is termed as ‘Key Opener of the Quran’ or ‘Opening Verses of the Quran’. It is included in one of the ‘Short Surahs’ of the Qur’an. Though it is short, but the most beautiful surah in Quran as it has many spiritual and unspiritual benefits.

In this blog, we will delve into the depth of Surah Al Fatiha, its meanings, transliteration, and translation in different languages, its importance, and its significance.

Overview of Surah Al Fatihah

The basic details and quick overview of this Surah are mentioned in the table below:

Name of Surah in Arabic ٱلۡفَاتِحَةِ
Tarteeb-e-Nuzooli Five (05)
Tarteeb-e-Toufeeqi First (01)
Position Juz-1
No.Of Verses In This Surah Seven (7)
Manzil Number First Manzil
No.of Ruku One (1)
Classification Makki Surah
Surat Fatiha Other Names Mother of the Quran (Ummul Kitab), The Complete Cure, The Appraisal For Allah’s Attributes, Surah Salat, Surah Hamd

Surah Fatiha With Meaning:

The literal meanings of Al Fatiha Arabic text are ‘’The Opener, or The Key’’ of the Quran. Al Fatiha meaning shows that this is the preface of the Quran and also is the prayer that we recite in obligatory prayers. Fatiha Surah meaning is all about the acknowledgment of Allah’s Blessings, praising His bounties, and seeking His mercy.

Surah al Fatiha Transliteration

Many people want to know, ‘’how to pronounce Surah Al Fatiha’’. To enhance your pronunciation skills, Al Fatiha transliteration is the best source. It is provided in the Surat Fatiha pdf.

Surah Fatihah Translation

Here is the list of the different versions of Surah Al Fatihah translation to understand Surah Fatiha Arabic text and learn it in much better ways.

  • Surah Al Fatiha English translation
  • Surah Al Fatiha with Urdu translation
  • Surah Fatiha in Hindi translation

To understand Surat Fatiha through various languages, translation proves beneficial in this regard. You can download Sourate Fatiha pdf to get these exclusive features!

Surah Alfatihah Verses Description And Background

‘’Read This Surah For Paying Gratitude To Allah (SWT)’’

Alfatihah has seven powerful verses that Muslims recite in obligatory prayers. The main purpose of these verses is to praise Allah, asking for His guidance and help to stay on the Righteous path. The summary and background of this Surah are given below.

Description Of Fatihah Verses:

The verses of ‘Fatihah’ explain the beauty of ‘gratitude’. This surah’s verses are divided into two sections.

Section - I (Verses 1-3):

The first section of Surah Fatiha describes the supreme attributes of Allah (SWT). These verses show the importance of ‘’Being Grateful to Allah’’ and also about His blessings. The first verse starts with the word ‘Alhamdulillah’ which tells all about appreciating Allah’s uncountable blessings which He bestowed on us.

The next words show the ‘’Supreme Authority’’ of this universe is in the control of Allah only. For this, the Quran says that HE is ‘’Rabb-ul-Aalimeen’’.

In the next two verses, the Quran explains that Allah (SWT) is the Most Merciful and the Most Beneficent. No power on Earth can deny HIS Supremacy. He is the one, who fulfills our lives with infinite bounties and HE will also bless His dear ones with the reward on the ‘Final Day’. As He is the Only Master of the ‘Day of Accountability’.

Section - II (Verses 3-7):

This section of Surah Fatiha is endorsing a reminder for believers (servants) to seek Allah’s support in their daily lives. This portion is related to mankind, who are seeking the mercy and blessing of Allah by requesting HIM through their prayers. It’s crucial in Islamic prayers to remind everyone of Allah’s greatness and seek his guidance for the ‘Straight Path’ to live.

In the final verses, the Quran narrates that ‘One is offering Allah’s worship and asking Him to add him/her to His beloved ones, who followed His path and never get detached from Allah’s path’.

In the last, this explains the importance of supplication from Allah. Those who request Allah truly and humbly in their prayers will benefit and will not be included among those whom Allah Has shown His rage. The main thing in these verses is that they show the significance of connection with Allah through offering prayers.

Motives Of Revealing Surah Alfatihah:

There are some motives behind the revealing of Surah Fateh. These reasons have much significance for Muslims to know. Though, it is a part of our prayers. To understand this surah, you should know the meanings and details. To provide you with these details, here is some useful information regarding this.

Context Of Surah Fateh:

The context of Sura Fateh is all about;

  • Paying thanks to Allah for His blessings
  • His gratitude through offering prayers
  • Seeking His mercy as He is the most compassionate and beneficent
  • His Judgement on the Final Day as He is ‘The Trustee’ and ‘The Disposer of Affairs’
  • Seeking His help in putting us on ‘’Sirat-e-Mustaqeem (The Straight Path)’’
  • Requesting Him (SWT) to include us all in His noble individuals
  • Praying for safety from His wrath (rage)

Fatiha Sura Background:

The authentic background of Sora Fateha is narrated by Hazrat Ibn Abbas (One of the family members of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW));
He said that Fatiha Sura is one of the initial revelations to the Holy Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) and this was revealed completely in one cycle of revelation. Priorly, some verses of Surah Alaq, Surah Muzzammil and Surah Muddathir were revealed to the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ).

Benefits Of Surah Fatah

The significance of Surat Al Fatih is described here by providing the benefits of surah Fatiha. These are mentioned below.
Benefits Of Surah Fatah

1. Inculcates Gratitude For Allah’s Bounties

The Al Fatiha Prayer adds the value of gratitude among its reciters. Allah loves this quality of a ‘Momin’.

2. Learning The Names Of Allah (SWT)

Another benefit of suratul Fatiha is that a person learns the Great Names of Allah, as it includes ‘’Al-Rahmaan’’, ‘’Al-Maalik’’, and ‘’Al-Raheem’’ in the starting verses. Also, you can know the significance of these names by reading their meanings and benefits.

3. Supplication For Seeking Righteous Path

This Surah is also known as the ‘opening prayer of the Quran’. By reciting this prayer, we seek Allah’s Guidance in staying persistent with the ‘Righteous Path’. HE(SWT) blesses the reciter with the acceptance of this prayer.

4. Source Of Getting Allah’s Help

When a person recites its verse,
’’Iyyaaka na’budu wa lyyaaka nasta’een (إِيَّاكَ نَعۡبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسۡتَعِينُ)’’,
He/She gets the Supreme aid provided by the Almighty Allah in their life’s tasks.

5. Acknowledgment Of Allah’s Command

When you read the translation of surah fatiha and understand it deeply, you get to know the fact that Allah (SWT) is the Only Supreme Authority – Who can and Who Is commanding the Universe with sustainability and perfect balancing.

6. A Treatment For Venom

is another amazing benefit of Suratul Fatiha. It cures the venom of poisonous reptiles like scorpions snakes, etc. Once the Prophet (S.A.W) said,
“In the Fatiha of the Quran, there is a cure for all disorders. (Sunan Darimi)

7. Curing Different Diseases

It is also beneficial in curing many diseases and its reference is mentioned in hadith also. You can verify it from Hadith’s mentioned reference
(Sahih Bukhari p.749 v.2)

8. Sura Fatiha, A Therapy For Psychological Disorders

‘’Alfatihah is The Opening Of The Quran’’

The first surah of the Quran also provides relief for disorders like mismanagement, Fear of Rejection, and Indecisiveness. The recitation of this Surah works as a therapy for these disorders of humans.
Reference: (Sunan Darimi: 2122/4)

Al-Fatiha Surah’s Lessons

Al-Fatiha Surah’s Lessons

This Al-Fatiha Surah is called ‘’The greatest Sura of the Qur’an’’ by our Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ).
(Ref: Surah Bukhari p.749 v.2)

Surat al Fatih is a beautiful conversation between Allah (SWT) and His mankind. There are infinite hidden lessons in this Surah that Allah Almighty wants us to learn. Mentioning here a few of these;

1. Learning Basic Moral Values of Islam

In the starting verses of Surat Al Fatih, we learn the ethical values of Islam. Such as;

  • We should say ‘BISMILLAH AR-RAHMAN AR-RAHEEM (﷽.)’ before starting anything.
  • We should be always grateful to Allah for everything that HE (SWT) bestowed on us.
  • We must say Alhamdulillahi Rabbil ‘aalameen (الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ) for paying gratitude to Allah Almighty

2. Requesting Allah in Prayers By Calling His Names

Here is another beautiful lesson that we deduce from the first surah of the Quran. This lesson teaches us that we should call Allah (SWT) by His Attributive 99 names because Allah is the only One, WHO deserves all the appreciation for everything. We should seek His guidance or assistance by saying the names of Allah in our prayers

3. Belief on The Final Day

The verse of Suratul Fatiha  مَٰلِكِ يَوۡمِ ٱلدِّينِ  tells us about the ‘’Final Day’’ or ‘’Day of Judgement’’. This verse is rooted in the meaning that Allah is the Lord (Controller) of the Final day and we must believe in this that ‘everyone will be provided with Justice on that day – The Day which meant to happen certainly. Having believed in this is part of our ‘Emaan’.

These lessons are important to learn and implement in your life if you want to seek Allah’s attributes.

Bottom Line

In this blog, we mentioned the essential and summarized information of Sora Alfatha with its importance and benefits. The recitation of this Surah has tremendous results.

It is a short but comprehensive surah that has deep meanings of the Quran and Islam. Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) also endorses its significance. This is all that we have about this Surah!

’Learn Tafseer, Tajweed, and Maksud Alfatihah with our exclusive online courses under the supervision of Quran tutors’’

FAQs

What is Fatiha?

Fatiha means ‘’The opening’’ of the Quran. It is the short Surah that opens the Quran.

What is the first surah in the Quran?

The Sora Alfatha is the first surah of the Holy Quran.

When Surah Fatiha was revealed?

Sura Fatia is revealed in the Makkan period before the migration of Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W).
[Reference: al-Makki wa’l-Madani by ‘Abd ar-Razzaq Husayn, 1/446-468)]

Why was Surah Fatiha revealed?

The reasons behind revealing sura fatia was;

  • To deliver the message of Tawheed
  • To inculcate the value of gratitude in its reciters
  • To show that Allah Has supremacy and He is ‘the Powerful’
  • To declare the ‘Day of Justice’ and the message of accountability
  • To seek Allah’s supervision to stay on ‘Straight Path’

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