What are the names of Islamic months

What are the names of Islamic months?

Written by EquranekareemJun 29, 2024
What are the names of Islamic months

In a world where most calendars are marked by the steady march of the sun, Islam follows a different path, guided by the moon. The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri or lunar calendar, takes us on a fascinating lunar journey, offering a unique way to experience the passage of time.

Similarly, each Islamic month has its name, significance, and story that’s deeply merged in the history of Islam. Some are special, and some are quieter, but all of them are interesting. This journey will uncover the hidden gems of Islamic timekeeping. Thus, being Muslims, we need to remember all the names of Islamic months.

Thus, Quran memorization and remembering the islamic month are both in sync with each other, it will be a plus for all the Muslims. 

What Calendar Does Islam Use?

Islam uses the Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri or lunar calendar. This calendar is based on the cycles of the moon’s phases and is different from the Gregorian calendar, and is used in common calendar systems worldwide.

In addition, the Islamic calendar has 12 months, depending on the moon’s sighting, making it shorter than the Gregorian calendar. Hence, Islamic months begin with the sighting of the new moon. Getting the islamic knowledge is more important, eQuranekareem is serving in that regard that takes you to the path of spiritual growth. 

Islamic Year

The Islamic year is approximately 10 to 12 days shorter than the Gregorian year, which means that Islamic months, holidays, and events shift earlier in the Gregorian calendar each year.

Meanwhile, the Islamic calendar is primarily used for religious purposes, such as determining the timing of Islamic holidays and rituals, including fasting during Ramadan and the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj).

What are the names of Islamic months

What Are The 12 Names Of Islamic Months?

The Islamic calendar has 12 months, and their names are as follows:

  1. Muharram (المحرّم)
  2. Safar (صفر)
  3. Rabi’ al-Awwal (ربيع الأوّل)
  4. Rabi’ al-Thani (ربيع الثاني)
  5. Jumada al-Awwal (جمادى الأولى)
  6. Jumada al-Thani (جمادى الثانية)
  7. Rajab (رجب)
  8. Sha’ban (شعبان)
  9. Ramadan (رمضان)
  10. Shawwal (شوّال)
  11. Dhul-Qi’dah (ذو القعدة)
  12. Dhul-Hijjah (ذو الحجة)

These months make up the Islamic lunar calendar, which is used for various religious purposes and rituals in Islam. The names of these months have historical and cultural significance in the Islamic tradition.

Islamic Months In Order

Muharram (المحرّم)

The Islamic year begins with Muharram, which is considered the holiest month after Ramadan. It’s a month of reflection and fasting for Muslims. The 10th day of Muharram, known as Ashura, holds particular significance as it commemorates events like the rescue of Prophet Moses (Musa) from Pharaoh’s tyranny.

Safar (صفر)

Following Muharram, we enter Safar. While there are no specific religious obligations or events associated with this month, Muslims need to continue their spiritual journey and good deeds.

Rabi’ al-Awwal (ربيع الأوّل)

Rabi’ al-Awwal marks the birth month of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The 12th day of this month, known as Mawlid al-Nabi or Eid Milad un Nabi, is celebrated by Muslims worldwide with prayers and gatherings to honor the Prophet’s life and teachings.

Rabi’ al-Thani (ربيع الثاني)

Rabi’ al-Thani is the second month of spring and is a time for Muslims to increase their devotion and good deeds.

Jumada al-Awwal (جمادى الأولى)

Jumada al-Awwal is the 5th month of the Islamic lunar calendar, marking the transition from the colder months to the arrival of spring in some regions. It’s a time for Muslims to continue their daily routines, but there are no major religious events or obligatory fasting associated with this month.

Instead, it serves as a reminder of the changing seasons in the Islamic calendar.

Jumada al-Sani (جمادى الثانية)

Jumada al-Thani is the 6th month of the Islamic lunar calendar, following Jumada al-Awwal. Similar to its predecessor, it lacks significant religious events or obligations. It serves as a time for Muslims to continue their usual activities while being mindful of the passage of time in the Islamic calendar.

Rajab (رجب)

Rajab is one of the sacred months in Islam. It is a time for reflection and seeking forgiveness. The 27th day of Rajab is celebrated as the night when Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was taken on the miraculous night journey known as Isra and Mi’raj.

Sha’ban (شعبان)

Sha’ban is the month preceding Ramadan and is a time for Muslims to prepare themselves spiritually for the upcoming month of fasting and devotion. The 15th night of Sha’ban, known as Laylat al-Baraat, is believed to be a night of forgiveness and blessings.

Ramadan (رمضان)

Ramadan is the ninth 9th of the Islamic calendar and is the puriest month for Muslims. It is a month of fasting,reflection, dua, and increased acts of worship.

Shawwal (شوّال)

Shawwal follows Ramadan, and the first day of Shawwal marks Eid al-Fitr, a festive holiday that celebrates the end of Ramadan. Muslims break their fast and give thanks to Allah for the strength to complete the month of fasting.

Dhul-Qi’dah (ذو القعدة)

Dhul-Qi’dah is one of the sacred months during which warfare and fighting were prohibited in pre-Islamic Arabia. This tradition continues in Islam, emphasizing peace and restraint.

Dhul-Hijjah (ذو الحجة)

Dhul-Hijjah is the last month of the Islamic calendar and is significant for the annual Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. The first ten days of this month are particularly sacred and include the Eid al-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice) celebration.

Likewise, you can get the blessing of Allah(SWT) by learning the Nazra Quran in an adequate manner. 

What is the first name of the Islamic month?

The 1st month of lunar calendar is Muharram (المحرّم). Muharram holds special significance in Islam as it marks the beginning of the new Islamic year. It is considered one of the four sacred months in Islam, during which warfare and fighting are traditionally prohibited.

Additionally, the 10th day of Muharram, known as Ashura, is particularly notable as it commemorates various vital events in Islamic history. It includes the rescue of Prophet Moses (Musa) from Pharaoh’s tyranny and the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of the Muhammad (PBUH).

Accordingly, Muslims often engage in fasting and reflection during Muharram, seeking spiritual renewal on a new year in the Islamic calendar.

Who Named Arabic Months?

The names of the Arabic months we use today have their roots in the past. It was during the reign of the second Muslim Caliph, Omar Bin Al-Khattab, that the Islamic Hijri Calendar was established, with its first year marking the Year of Hijrah (the Prophet Muhammad’s migration from Mecca to Medina).

Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar, which is also termed as the Hijri or lunar calendar, is a calendar system used by Muslims to determine the dates of religious events and rituals. It is based on the lunar cycle, which is approximately 29.5 days long. However, the Islamic calendar consists of 12 months of either 29 or 30 days. It depends on the sighting of the moon’s crescent.


The Islamic calendar is like a unique journey through time, with 12 different months, each with its own story. From the vital month of Muharram to the happy time of Shawwal, these months mean a lot to Muslims all around the world.

These months are not just about counting days; they remind people of their faith and history. They help Muslims remember essential events in Islam. Whether you’re Muslim or just curious, learning about these months enables you to understand and respect the Islamic culture and how time is seen in this beautiful faith. eQuranekareem emerge as the guiding star that leads the people to the righteous path. It’s like stepping into a world where the moon leads the way, and each month has its tale of dedication and thoughtfulness to tell.


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